1. State Symbols
The Flag contains three horizontal stripes of equal width. The upper stripe is of blue color, the middle one is red and the lower is green. The blue color is the color of Turkic (Azerbaijani) ethnos, red color symbolizes the adherence to freedom, democracy and human rights, and the green is the color of Islam. There is a white crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe. The star is the reflection of the eight different branches of the Turkic people. The ratio of the height of the flag to its length is 1 to 2.
The star, also seen in the flag, has the same meaning, namely, the eight different branches of the Turkic people. This eight-pointed star framed by gold, is superimposed on three circles: the inner one is green, the middle one is red, and the outer one is blue. These colors match the flag colors. Between each star point, on the blue circle, there are also smaller gold-framed eight-pointed stars. Inside the main central star there is a fire. The fire recalls the country's other name: Land of fire. This fire symbolizes also freedom. The shield stands on a golden ear of corn.
1.3. National Anthem
Music by Useir Hajibayov
Words by Ahmad Javad
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-colored banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You've become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for youhas become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We sacrifice our lives to you.
Our sincere love to you
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honor,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
2. General Information
2.1. Location: The Republic of Azerbaijan lies in the borderlands of Asia and Europe. It is situated in the south-eastern part of the Southern Caucasus and shares borders in the north with the Russian Federation, in the south with the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the west with Turkey, Georgia and Armenia, and in the east its neighbors across the Caspian Sea are Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
2.2. Country Name: Azərbaycan Respublikası (Republic of Azerbaijan)
2.3. Capital: Baku with a population of 2,036 million
2.4. State Language: Azerbaijani
2.5. Religion: Religion is separated from the State and all religions are equal before the law
2.6. Population: The population is 9 000 000 people
2.7. Monetary Unit: Manat (1 US $ = 0.8036 AZN)
3. National Holidays
January 1 - New Year
March 8 - Women's Day
March 20-21 -Novruz bayramı (Spring Holiday)
May 9 - Day of Victory over Fascism
May 28 - Republic Day
June 15 - National Salvation Day
June 26 - Armed Forces Day
October 18 - National Independence Day
November 12 - Constitution Day
November 17 - National Revival Day
December 31 - Day of Solidarity of Azerbaijanis throughout the World
Qurban bayramı ( Thanksgiving-Offering Day ) and Ramazan bayramı ( End of Fasting ) - The dates these religious holidays are changed every year in accordance with the lunar calendar.
4. Memorable Days:
January 20 - Day of Shehids' (Martyrs) Remembrance
February 26 - Day of Khojali Remembrance
March 31 - Genocide of Azerbaijanis
5.1. Area: 86,600 sq km
5.2. Length of Land Boundaries: 2,646 km
5.3. Borders with Neighbouring Countries: Armenia - 1007 km, Georgia - 480 km, Iran - 756 km, Russia - 390 km, Turkey - 13 km
5.4. Administrative Division
5.4.1. Autonomous Republic
5.4.2. Regions: The Republic of Azerbaijan consists 65 regions, 69 cities and towns, 13 urban regions, 130 settlements of urban type and 4354 rural settlements.
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası (Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic)